Integrating Green Finance Into the Core Business of Financial Institutions
Green finance in the private financial sector used to pursue high-impact goals predominantly linked to corporate responsibility. The time is ripe to incorporate it into the core business strategy.
For two decades now, the financial sector has embraced social responsibility by treating green finance as additional, and to some extent secondary, to its operations. Now, a sense of urgency for action and change needs to be infused in order to mitigate the large-scale impacts of climate change on the economic system and to avoid rising inequality and poverty levels as sustainable development in LAC countries slows down.
To put it simply, the core business of a financial institution includes adequate risk management and strategic business management. With adequate risk management practices, institutions can leverage sufficient income on financial intermediation, while protecting third-party capital and their own equity from expected losses, which are forecasted and mitigated by identifying and managing the relevant risks of financing activities.
The need to take urgent climate action requires increasing green climate finance and highlighting a systemic, relevant and very likely risk that has a negative physical impact and results in an increase in expected losses due to higher, unmanaged risks. In order to reduce the exposure to this risk, it is necessary to shift from a business that finances high-exposure investment portfolios to low-exposure portfolios, with the resulting transition risk.
Focusing on climate risk management by adopting the right governance, risk management and measurement structures, as well as on the business strategy dimension will help financial institutions to better manage the process. This dimension needs to be implemented as soon as possible.
To this end, there are recommendations from the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), as well as the standard currently being developed by the International Sustainability Standards Board (ISSB) that will integrate TCFD recommendations and, more recently, the “Principles for the effective management and supervision of climate-related financial risks” issued in June 2022 by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision, from which supervisors and regulators will soon be integrating these ideas. The Inter-American Development Bank has also put forward its own recommendations.
As a second relevant dimension, the necessary transition in the business strategy approach requires analyzing the design of business lines, financial products and non-financial services for priority segments, as well as establishing next-generation risk management systems to identify business segments with climate risk exposure.
You may review the conferences on Green Financial Innovation held in June 2022 at the Sustainability Week, organized by IDB Invest in Miami, Florida, showcasing specific actions that financial institutions are taking in Latin America and the Caribbean and the latest trends in this topic.
As an example of this second dimension, Fundación Génesis Empresarial, a leading microfinance institution in Central America, explained how they focused on managing climate risks in agricultural value chains, using innovative technologies. As a result, they have a new green business line that supports sustainable agriculture and poverty reduction for rural populations, allowing them to grow from 2,000 to 17,000 customers in three years.
You may download the full case study showcasing practical and concrete examples on how to accelerate climate action in the core business of financial institutions.
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