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Superfoods also take care of Amazonia’s health

The development of sustainable value chains for quinoa, cocoa, sesame, and other high-nutritional-value crops can foster integration into international markets, benefit the region, and contribute to sustainable development goals.

Un agricultor con una baya de cacao


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Nuts, peanuts, quinoa, sesame, avocado, cocoa, and other ‘superfoods’ represent a market opportunity, but can also drive economic growth and sustainability, all priorities for the Amazon region.

Known for their high nutritional values and health benefits, these are products in which the Amazonia has comparative advantages and high quality.

In addition to their nutritional benefits, these superfoods also promote the conservation of Amazonian ecosystems.

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For example, the Amazon nut does not require pesticides or fertilizers and is fundamental to the economy of the northern Amazonian region of Bolivia, generating employment for thousands of families.

Similarly, sesame can grow in dry and infertile soils with little investment, creating employment and income opportunities for local communities.


A unique opportunity 

The Amazonia region, with its vast biodiversity and cultural wealth, presents a unique opportunity to develop sustainable value chains, especially in the emerging niche of superfoods.

The Amazon forest is vital for South America - and for the entire planet - due to its crucial role in regulating global climate and its rich biodiversity.

However, the region faces numerous challenges, such as high informality in primary production, low productivity, and unsustainable environmental practices that contribute to deforestation and climate change.

Promoting sustainable and inclusive development in the Amazon is essential to ensuring the region's economic, social, and environmental well-being.

This approach is also crucial for Amazonian countries to meet their climate commitments under the Paris Agreement and maintain access to global markets, especially with the implementation of zero-deforestation regulations in regions like the European Union.


Private sector: a crucial role 

The conservation of forests and adopting sustainable agricultural practices are fundamental to achieving net zero deforestation in the Amazon.

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 In collaboration with governments and local communities, private sector companies can play a crucial role in restoring degraded lands and transitioning to low-carbon agricultural production.

This involves increasing productivity without expanding agricultural lands and supporting local producers in adopting more sustainable practices.

Developing inclusive value chains can drive economic growth and improve the well-being of local populations by creating jobs and developing different segments of the production chain.


Significant challenges 

Despite the benefits, promoting sustainable value chains in the Amazon presents numerous challenges. Small producers face barriers such as limited access to financing, inputs, and agricultural services.

Fragmented production and lack of economies of scale result in low productivity, limiting exports' viability. In addition, the region is vulnerable to climate change and lacks basic public services, such as energy and irrigation.

International certification requirements and traceability systems also represent an obstacle. Territorial insecurity and criminal violence exacerbate these challenges, making it even more difficult to implement sustainable practices in the region.

Key factors supporting these value chains include product quality, the implementation of traceability systems and quality certifications, and access to inputs and agricultural services for small producers.


A holistic approach 

Effective partnerships between governments and the private sector are essential to eliminating market distortions and promoting sustainable investment. Diversifying the offer with higher-value-added processes is also crucial.

In this way, productivity and wages increase, and opportunities emerge in spin-off industries such as pharmaceuticals, agrotourism, cosmetics, and nutraceuticals, benefiting local populations.

Developing sustainable value chains in the Amazon, especially in the superfoods niche, requires a holistic approach that considers the local context and strengthens the private sector’s capacity to operate sustainably and inclusively.

The IDB Group has committed to further increasing the impact of its actions in the region with the Amazonia Forever program. This is a holistic umbrella initiative for the region's sustainable development that aims to collaborate on forest conservation and climate action, offering economic alternatives to improve people's quality of life. 

IDB Invest will continue to work with the private sector to contribute to these goals, increasing the flow of financing and innovation to the region to improve the quality of life of its inhabitants, sharing strategic knowledge, and fostering regional coordination among private sector organizations that support interventions towards these goals. 

Promoting these value chains will contribute to the well-being of the Amazon and have a positive global impact, promoting sustainability and resilience in one of the world’s most important ecosystems.


Find more details in the “Sustainable Superfood Value Chains: Potential Opportunities in the Amazon” DEBrief.


María Cecilia Acevedo

Maria Cecilia Acevedo is a Lead Strategy Officer in the Strategy and Development Effectiveness Department at IDB Invest in Washington, DC. María Ce

Liliana Castilleja-Vargas

Liliana is a country economist for Bolivia in the Andean Countries Department (CAN) of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Previously, Liliana

Juan G. Flores

Juan G. Flores is a Strategy, Planning and Innovation Officer at IDB-Invest’s Strategy and Development Department where he analyzes challenges and opp

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